A recent report indicates that India may become the most populated country in the world by 2030 or so. India is having a population of 133,43,50,000. It is the second most populous country with China leading with 139,29,50,000. While China is having 18.20% of the world population, India have 17.5%. The estimate for population in India is 152.8 crore while for China it is 141.6 crore. The world population present is estimated to be 734.5 crore

The increase in population have a close connection with the standard of living and almost all other matters. In a developing country like India, plans and development become completely below the requirement due to high increase in population. Unless plans are executed considering the growth, benefits will not accrue to large section of the people.