July 26 is the National day of Cuba. This date has a glorious history. It was on 26th July in 1953 that Fidel Castro, Che Guivera, Raul Castro and other revolutionaries attacked the Moncada Army Garrison of Santiago de Cuba in their effort to oust dictator Batista who was ruling the country. Though this effort was not successful, within a few years Batista was compelled to run away defeated by the revolutionaries and independence was declared on 1st January 1959. Fidel Castro became the first President of the Republic of Cuba.
July 26th was declared as the National Day of Cuba by the Cuban Government in memory of the attack on the Moncada Army Garrison, which heralded the revolution in Cuba.