In the theatre of war, dramatic changes were coming in quick succession. Of the three Axis powers, Italy and Germany capitulated by this time. But in the eastern frontier, war with Japan was still going on in full swing. Enrollment of men in Defence of India Corps (PT) both combatant, were going on as usual.

As the cost of living index was gradually going up and as the war was coming to an end, which would result in all round disbandment, labour unrest was visible everywhere. It may be recalled here that the Council meeting of the All India Postal and RMS union which elected Com. Kamble as General Secretary adopted a resolution also for obtaining the views of all the Branch Unions on the possibility of launching direct action for compelling the Govt. to increase dearness allowance and revise scales of pay. The movement, however, was not properly conducted and there was very little response to the call issued by the Central Union. Besides, a considerable number of P&T workers were not at all in favour of direct action as on conviction they were against putting obstacles in war efforts of the Govt. With the sudden capitulation of Japanese Army by the middle of September, 1945, the entire situation took a turn. A rumour reached Calcutta that to arrest the possible labour unrest, the prominent labour leaders who were in good books of the Government were being approached to do their best to control the situation and see that there be no untoward situation in any part of the country and so that demobilisation, disbandment and retrenchment of nearly one crore of men who were in employment in connection with war effort of the Government may be carried out smoothly. ( (to be continued)