On 29th March 1857, Mangal Pandey, the 29th year old sepoy of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI), Regiment of British East India Company, Barrackpore, Calcuttta shot the British Officers for their bad treatment of the sepoys including compelling them to use the beef/pig fat for greasing the gun catridges. This incident is stated to be the starting point of the ‘First War of Independence’ or the ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ as the British historians called it.
Mangal Pandey was captured and he was hanged on 8th April 1857. He is considered as the first martyr of the First Was of Independence. The above photo show the memorial erected for him at Barrackpore where he was hanged and cremated.